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Ancient territorial subdivision, east-central India. It corresponds to the area of modern northern Andhra Pradesh, most of Orissa, and a portion of Chhattisgarh. It was conquered by Mahapadma, the founder of the Nanda dynasty, in the 4th century BC. Beginning in the mid-11th century AD, the Eastern Ganga dynasty assumed control. The temple of the sun-god at Konarak was built in the 13th century by Narasimha I. The dynasty collapsed when the sultan of Delhi invaded Kalinga from the south in 1324.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Kalinga, visit Britannica.com.
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