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Either of two herbaceous annuals (Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius, in the linden family), or their fibre. The plants grow 10–12 ft (3–4 m) high and have long, serrated, tapered, light green leaves and small yellow flowers. Jute has been grown and processed in the Bengal area of India and Bangladesh since ancient times. Its biggest use is in burlap sacks and bags, which are used to ship and store many agricultural products. High-quality jute cloths are used as backing for tufted carpets and hooked rugs. Coarser jute fibres are made into twines, rough cordage, and doormats.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on jute, visit Britannica.com.