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Educational institution that provides up to two years of college-level academic, technical, and vocational instruction with emphasis on career preparation. Roots of the junior college may be traced to the Chautauqua movement and other adult-education programs created after the American Civil War. The first junior college opened in Joliet, Ill., in 1901. The vast majority of junior colleges are publicly supported; called community colleges, they offer a variety of flexible programs that are often nontraditional in style and content. They have pioneered in offering part-time study, evening sessions, instruction by television, weekend workshops, and other services for members of their communities. Students rarely live on campus. Graduates of junior or community colleges ordinarily earn an associate degree. They then transfer to a four-year college or enter the workforce. See alsocontinuing education.
Variants of JUNIOR COLLEGE
junior college or community college
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on junior college, visit Britannica.com.