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(born c. 1840, Wallowa Valley, Ore.Terr.died Sept. 21, 1904, Colville Reservation, Wash., U.S.) Nez Percé chief. In 1877 the U.S. attempted to force the Nez Percé to move to a reservation in Idaho. Chief Joseph at first agreed but later decided instead to lead his followers on a trek to Canada. During the three-month, 1,000-mile journey, he outmaneuvered and outfought federal troops, and his humane conduct won the admiration of many whites. His group was finally surrounded near the Canadian border and subsequently removed to Indian Territory (Oklahoma). In 1885 they were relocated to a reservation in Washington.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Joseph, Chief, visit Britannica.com.
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