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British crown dependency, largest and southernmost of the Channel Islands, in the English Channel. Area: 45.6 sq mi (118.2 sq km). Population: (2009 est.) 92,300. Capital: St. Helier (pop., 2001: 28,310). Separated from Normandy in 1204, it kept its Norman law and local customs but was administered for the English king by a warden. It was given legislative authority in 1771. It is now governed by a popularly elected assembly, which is presided over by a royally appointed bailiff. There is also a lieutenant governor, who represents the British monarch. Jersey fabric and Jersey cattle take their names from the island.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Jersey, visit Britannica.com.