View your list of saved words. (You can log in using Facebook.)
First permanent English settlement in North America. It was founded in May 1607 on a peninsula in the James River of Virginia. Named after King James I, Jamestown began cultivating tobacco and established the continent's first representative government (1619); the colony, its leader John Smith, and the Indian Pocahontaswho, according to lore, saved Smith's lifehave been the subject of numerous novels, dramas, and films, many of them highly fanciful. When nearby Williamsburg replaced it as the capital of colonial Virginia in 1699, it fell into decline. By the mid-19th century, erosion had transformed the peninsula into Jamestown Island. In 1936 the site was incorporated into the Colonial National Historical Park.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Jamestown Colony, visit Britannica.com.
Seen & Heard
What made you look up Jamestown Colony? Please tell us what you were reading, watching or discussing that led you here.