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Capital (pop., 2001: 2,322,575) of Rajasthan state, northwestern India. A walled town surrounded by hills (except to the south), it was founded in 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh to replace Amber as the capital of the princely state of Jaipur. The city, known for its beauty, is unique in its straight-line planning; its buildings are mostly rose-coloured, and Jaipur is sometimes called the pink city. It is a popular tourist destination; historic structures include the city palace, the Hawa Mahal (Hall of Winds), Ram Bagh palace, and Nahargarh (Tiger Fort).
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Jaipur, visit Britannica.com.