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Town (pop., 2001: 5,236), capital of Nunavut territory, Canada. Situated on southeastern Baffin Island, it is the largest community in the eastern Canadian Arctic. It was established as a trading post in 1914 and became an air base during World War II. It later was the site of construction camps for the DEW (Distant Early Warning) line of radar stations. It is the site of a meteorological station and a hospital. It became Nunavut's capital in 1999.
Variants of IQALUIT
Iqaluit formerly Frobisher Bay
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Iqaluit, visit Britannica.com.