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In Islam, the personal name of the Devil. Iblis, one of God's angels, refused to venerate Adam at creation. He and his followers were thrown down from heaven and await punishment at the Last Judgment. Until then he is allowed to tempt everyone but true believers to do evil. Referred to as Shaytan (Satan) in this context, it was he who purportedly tempted Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden and caused the Fall. Iblis has long been a figure of speculation among Muslim scholars because of his ambiguous identification in the Qur'an as either an angel or a jinni.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Iblis, visit Britannica.com.
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