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Any member of a prehistoric people of southern and eastern Spain. They were largely untouched by the migrations of Celtic peoples to northern and central Spain beginning in the 8th century BC. Culturally they were influenced by Greek and Phoenician trading colonies. On the eastern coast, tribes seem to have formed independent city-states; in the south, they formed monarchies. Their economy was based on agriculture, mining, and metallurgy. Their non-Indo-European language continued into Roman times.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Iberian, visit Britannica.com.