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Condition in which blood pressure is abnormally low. It may result from reduced blood volume (e.g., from heavy bleeding or plasma loss after severe burns) or increased blood-vessel capacity (e.g., in syncope). Orthostatic hypotensiondrop in blood pressure on standingresults from failure of the reflexes that contract muscles and constrict blood vessels in the legs to offset gravity as one rises. Hypotension is also a factor in poliomyelitis, shock, and barbiturate poisoning.
Variants of HYPOTENSION
hypotension or low blood pressure
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on hypotension, visit Britannica.com.