Ruling dynasty of Tunisia (1705–1957). The dynasty was founded by an officer of the Ottoman Empire, al-Husayn ibn 'Ali. He was allowed to rule autonomously and made treaties with European powers. European pressure led later Husaynid rulers to suppress piracy (1819), abolish slavery, and ease restrictions on Jews (1837–55). When Tunisia became a French protectorate in 1883, Husaynid rulers became mere figureheads. The monarchy was abolished when Tunisia gained its independence in 1957.
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