Husayn ibn 'Ali biographical name
(born c. 1854, Constantinople, Ottoman Empiredied 1931, Amman, Transjordan) Sharif of the Hashimite line, Ottoman-appointed emir of Mecca (1908–16), and self-proclaimed king of the Arabs (1916–24). His claim to be the new caliph (1924) led to a short and unsuccessful war against Ibn Sa'ud. Husayn was exiled to Cyprus. One of his sons, 'Abdullah, became king of Transjordan (present-day Jordan); another became king of Syria and later Iraq as Faysal I.
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