Journey of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622 to escape persecution and found a community of believers. The date represents the beginning of Islam. The second caliph, 'Umar ibn al-Khattab, began the practice of using the event as the starting point for the Muslim calendar; years are now denoted by the initials AH (Latin Anno Hegirae, in the year of the Hegira). The disciples who traveled with Muhammad to Medina were called the Companions of the Prophet.
Variants of HIJRAH
Hijrah English Hegira
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
For the full entry on Hijrah, visit Britannica.com.
Seen & Heard
What made you look up Hijrah? Please tell us what you were reading, watching or discussing that led you here.