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Popular breed of beef cattle, the product of generations of breeding in the English county of Herefordshire. The characteristic colour, red with a white face and white markings, has been fixed for only a comparatively short time. The outstanding characteristics are uniformity of colour, early maturity, and ability to thrive under adverse conditions. Introduced into the U.S. in 1817, it has become the predominant breed in the range areas of North America from Canada to Mexico.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Hereford, visit Britannica.com.