biographical name

(born 624, Arabia—died 680, Medina) Grandson of Muhammad, the elder son of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah. He is one of the five most revered persons in the Shi'ite branch of Islam. After the murder of his father, 'Ali, in 661, he was seen by many as the Prophet's rightful heir. When Mu'awiyah I opposed Hasan's succession and began to prepare for war, Hasan raised an army to meet him. Plagued by defections, however, he opened peace negotiations within the year and abandoned the caliphate to his opponent. For the rest of his life he lived quietly in Medina.

Variants of HASAN

Hasan in full Hasan ibn 'Ali ibn Abi Talib

This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
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