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State (pop., 2008 est.: 23,778,000), northwestern India. It is bordered by the states of Rajasthan, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh, by the union territory and city of Chandigarh, and by the Delhi national capital territory and occupies an area of 17,070 sq mi (44,212 sq km). The city of Chandigarh is the joint administrative capital of Haryana and Punjab. The region is the legendary birthplace of Hinduism, and its festivals attract many pilgrims. Most of Haryana lies on the flat Indo-Gangetic Plain, an area that has experienced waves of migration since the time of Alexander the Great. It came under the control of the British East India Company in 1803, became a part of Punjab in 1858, and became a separate state in 1966. Its economy is mainly agricultural.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Haryana, visit Britannica.com.