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Timber obtained from broad-leaved, flower-bearing trees. Hardwood trees are deciduous trees, except in the warmest regions. The term, a classification of material, applied originally to such hard European woods as beech and oak but also includes some of the softest of woods. Included in the category are ebony, various mahoganies (seemahogany family), maple, teak, and American black walnut.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on hardwood, visit Britannica.com.