Halifax, Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st earl of biographical name
(born April 16, 1881, Powderham Castle, Devonshire, Eng.died Dec. 23, 1959, Garroby Hall, near York, Yorkshire) British statesman. He was elected to Parliament in 1910. As viceroy of India (1925–31), he worked on terms of understanding with Mohandas K. Gandhi and accelerated constitutional advances. His tenure as foreign secretary (1938–40) in Neville Chamberlain's government was controversial because of Chamberlain's policy of appeasement toward Adolf Hitler, but Halifax kept the post into Winston Churchill's ministry. As ambassador to the U.S. (1941–46), he greatly served the Allied cause in World War II, for which he was created earl of Halifax in 1944.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
For the full entry on Halifax, Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st earl of, visit Britannica.com.
Seen & Heard
What made you look up Halifax, Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st earl of? Please tell us what you were reading, watching or discussing that led you here.