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City (pop., 2005 est.: 269,300) and chief port, northwestern Israel. Located on the Bay of Haifa, overlooking the Mediterranean Sea, it is first mentioned in the Talmud (c. 1st–4th century AD). Conquered in 1100 by Christian Crusaders, it was taken by Napoleon I in 1799 and by Egyptian Gen. Ibrahim Pasha in 1839. It was occupied by British forces in 1918, and it became part of Britain's mandate in Palestine. It came under Israeli control in 1948, during the first Arab-Israeli war. Situated on the northern slopes of Mount Carmel, with the exception of its port section on the bay, it is a tourist resort and a commercial centre. Haifa is the world headquarters of the Baha'i faith.
Variants of HAIFA
Haifa Hebrew Hefa
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Haifa, visit Britannica.com.