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(born 1325/26, Shiraz, Irandied 1389/90, Shiraz) Persian poet. The recipient of a traditional religious education (hafiz designates someone who has learned the Qur'an by heart), he served as court poet to several rulers of Shiraz. He perfected the ghazel as a verse form of 6–15 couplets linked by unity of subject and symbolism rather than by a logical sequence of ideas. His poems are notable for their simple, often colloquial, musical language and his unaffected use of homely images and proverbial expressions. His most famous work is his Divan. He is regarded as one of the greatest Persian lyric poets.
Variants of HAFEZ
Hafez or Hafiz orig. Muhammad Shams al-Din Hafiz
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Hafez, visit Britannica.com.
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