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Greek god of the underworld. He was also known as Pluto; his Roman equivalent was Dis. Hades was the son of the TitansRhea and Cronus and the brother of Zeus and Poseidon. His queen was Persephone, the daughter of Demeter, whom he kidnapped from earth and carried off to the underworld. Stern and pitiless, unmoved by prayer or sacrifice, he presided over the trial and punishment of the wicked after death. His name was also sometimes used to designate the dwelling place of the dead, and it later became a synonym for Hell.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Hades, visit Britannica.com.