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(born July 1, 1818, Dauphin county, Pa., U.S.died May 15, 1883, Tuscaloosa, Ala.) U.S. army officer. A graduate of West Point, he entered the U.S. Army in 1841. In keeping with the sympathies of his Alabama-born wife, he resigned his commission when the South seceded from the Union in 1860–61. As chief of ordnance for the Confederate army during the American Civil War, he sought arms from abroad while establishing factories in the South to produce rifles, small arms, bullets, powder, and cannons. He was promoted to brigadier general in 1864.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Gorgas, Josiah, visit Britannica.com.
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