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Game that involves two players alternately placing black and white stones on a board checkered by 19 vertical lines and 19 horizontal lines. The players attempt to conquer territory by surrounding vacant areas or capture stones by surrounding them. Points are awarded by conquering and capturing and reduced by losing one's stones. The game is also played in electronic formats. Go probably originated in China, possibly as early as c. 2300 BC. It was brought to Japan c. AD 500, where it developed into the modern game. Most identified with Japan, is also popular in China and Korea and is played worldwide.
Variants of GO
go Chinese weiqi or wei-ch'i Korean baduk
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on go, visit Britannica.com.