Ghazali, al-

Ghazali, al-

biographical name

(born 1058, Tus, Iran—died Dec. 18, 1111, Tus) Muslim theologian and mystic. He studied philosophy and religion and became chief professor of the Nizamiyyah college in Baghdad in 1091. A spiritual crisis prompted him to abandon his career in 1095 and adopt the life of a poor Sufi. He did not return to teaching until 1106, persuaded by those who believed he was a centennial renewer of Islam. His great work, Ihya' 'ulum al-din (“Revival of the Religious Sciences”), explained Islamic doctrines and practices and traced their connection with Sufi mysticism.

Variants of GHAZALI, AL-

Ghazali, al- or al-Ghazzali in full Abu Hamid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Tusi al-Ghazali

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