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(born 1058, Tus, Irandied Dec. 18, 1111, Tus) Muslim theologian and mystic. He studied philosophy and religion and became chief professor of the Nizamiyyah college in Baghdad in 1091. A spiritual crisis prompted him to abandon his career in 1095 and adopt the life of a poor Sufi. He did not return to teaching until 1106, persuaded by those who believed he was a centennial renewer of Islam. His great work, Ihya' 'ulum al-din (Revival of the Religious Sciences), explained Islamic doctrines and practices and traced their connection with Sufi mysticism.
Variants of GHAZALI, AL-
Ghazali, al- or al-Ghazzali in full Abu Hamid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Tusi al-Ghazali
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