Gaugamela, Battle of
(331 BC) Clash between the forces of Alexander the Great and Darius III of Persia that brought the fall of the Persian empire. Attempting to stop Alexander's incursions, Darius prepared a battleground on the Plain of Gaugamela in present-day Iraq and, with his much larger army, waited for Alexander. His plans were undone by Alexander's brilliant tactics; when Darius saw defeat was imminent, he fled and his army was cut down. Alexander's victory gave him control of South Asia.
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