Gardiner, Samuel Rawson biographical name
(born March 4, 1829, Ropley, near Alresford, Hampshire, Eng.died Feb. 23, 1902, Sevenoaks, Kent) English historian whose career was dedicated to the study of the English Civil Wars. He taught at King's College, London, and was a fellow at Oxford. His researches among manuscript collections gave unrivaled authority to his monumental undertaking. Its principal volumes were History of England from the Accession of James I to the Outbreak of the Civil War, 1603–1642 (1883–84); History of the Great Civil War, 1642–1649 (1886, 1893); and History of the Commonwealth and Protectorate, 1649–1660 (1903).
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