Ancient district, central Anatolia. It was occupied early in the 3rd century BC by Celtic tribes who were then overpowered by the Seleucid king Antiochus I (Soter) in 275 BC. At that point the Celts, called Galatae (Galatians) by 3rd-century-BC writers, settled in the territory to which they gave their name. Passing successively under the rule of Pergamum and Pontus, Galatia became a Roman protectorate in 85 BC. By the 2nd century AD, the region had become absorbed into the Hellenistic civilization.

This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
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