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Ancient district, central Anatolia. It was occupied early in the 3rd century BC by Celtic tribes who were then overpowered by the Seleucid king Antiochus I (Soter) in 275 BC. At that point the Celts, called Galatae (Galatians) by 3rd-century-BC writers, settled in the territory to which they gave their name. Passing successively under the rule of Pergamum and Pontus, Galatia became a Roman protectorate in 85 BC. By the 2nd century AD, the region had become absorbed into the Hellenistic civilization.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Galatia, visit Britannica.com.