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District (pop., 2001: 57,527), extreme southwestern Northern Ireland. Located chiefly in the River Erne basin, it was established as a district within the boundaries of the traditional county in 1973; the district seat is Enniskillen. Settled from prehistory, Fermanagh has a scattering of megaliths, cairns, and early Celtic Christian antiquities. Devenish Island, in Lower Lough Erne, is the site of an ancient monastery. During the reign of James I (1603–25), many English Anglicans were settled there. It is one of the most important tourist areas in Northern Ireland.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Fermanagh, visit Britannica.com.