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Style of painting that flourished in France c. 1898–1908, characterized by the use of intensely vivid colour and turbulent emotionalism. The dominant figure of the group was Henri Matisse; others were André Derain, Maurice de Vlaminck, Raoul Dufy, Georges Braque, and Georges Rouault. The name derives from the judgment of a critic who visited their first exhibit in Paris (1905) and referred to the artists disparagingly as les fauves (wild beasts). They were influenced by the masters of Post-Impressionism, Vincent van Gogh and Paul Gauguin. Fauvism was a transitional phase for most of the artists, who by 1908, having renewed their interest in Paul Cézanne's vision of order and structure, abandoned Fauvism for Cubism. Matisse alone continued on the course he had pioneered.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Fauvism, visit Britannica.com.
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