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(born c. 605, Mecca, Arabiadied 633, Medina) Daughter of Muhammad and the object of veneration in Shi'ite Islam. In 622 she emigrated with her father from Mecca to Medina, where she married his cousin 'Ali. Their sons, Hasan and al-Husayn ibn 'Ali, are considered by Shi'ites to be the rightful inheritors of the tradition of Muhammad. Fatimah's marriage was unhappy, but she and her husband were reconciled by the Prophet, and she cared for her father in his last illness (632). She clashed with his successor, Abu Bakr, over property and died a year later. Later tradition added to the majesty of her life, and the Fatimid dynasty derived its name from hers.
Variants of FATIMAH
Fatimah or Fatima
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Fatimah, visit Britannica.com.
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