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(Spanish: Phalanx) Extreme nationalist political group in Spain. Founded in 1933 by José Antonio Primo de Rivera and influenced by Italian fascism, the Falange gained popularity in opposition to the Popular Front government of 1936. Gen. Francisco Franco merged the group with other right-wing factions by decree in 1937 and became the Falange's absolute chief. 150,000 Falangists served in Franco's armed forces in the Spanish Civil War. After their victory, the Falange's fascism was subordinated to the Franco regime's conservative values. On Franco's death in 1975 a law was passed permitting other political associations, and the Falange was abolished in 1977.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Falange, visit Britannica.com.
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