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(born Dec. 24, 1837, Munich, Bavariadied Sept. 10, 1898, Geneva, Switz.) Empress consort of Austria (1854–98) and queen of Hungary (1867–98). Regarded as the most beautiful princess in Europe, she married her cousin, Emperor Francis Joseph, in 1854. She was popular with her subjects but offended Viennese high society with her impatience with rigid court etiquette. The Hungarians admired her, especially for her efforts in bringing about the Compromise of 1867. During a visit to Switzerland she was assassinated by an Italian anarchist.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Elizabeth, visit Britannica.com.