Collection of ancient Greek marble sculptures and architectural fragments in the British Museum. They were removed from the Parthenon in Athens and other buildings by Thomas Bruce, Lord Elgin (1766–1841), ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, and shipped to England between 1802 and 1811. Elgin claimed he was saving the works from destruction by the Turks, who then controlled Greece. He secured permission from the Turks to remove any pieces of stone bearing figures or inscriptions. They remained in his private possession, amid mounting criticism, until 1816, when the crown bought them. The controversy over their ownership continued into the 21st century. In 2008 the New Acropolis Museum in Athens was built in large part to house these fragments of the Parthenon in the hope that they will be returned to Greece.
Lapith fighting a Centaur; detail of a metope from the Parthenon at Athens; one of the Elgin
—Hirmer Fotoarchiv, Munich
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
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