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Theory that describes both the electromagnetic force and the weak force. Though the forces appear to be different, they are actually different facets of a more fundamental force. This theory, formulated in the 1960s by Sheldon Glashow (born 1932), Steven Weinberg (born 1933), and Abdus Salam (born 1926), represents a 20th-century scientific landmark and won its authors a 1979 Nobel Prize. It was validated in the 1980s with the discovery of the W particle and Z particle, which it had predicted. See alsofundamental interaction, unified field theory.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on electroweak theory, visit Britannica.com.
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