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Mountain range, northern Iran. It is 560 mi (900 km) long and extends along the southern shore of the Caspian Sea, from which it is separated by a narrow coastal lowland. It includes Iran's highest peak, Mount Damavand (Demavend), at 18,605 ft (5,671 m). The forests of the Elburz cover some 12,500 sq mi (32,400 sq km). The Hyrcanian tigers for which they were famous are now rare, but other wild cats, including the leopard and the lynx, are still numerous.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Elburz Mountains, visit Britannica.com.