Parisian landmark built for the Centennial Exposition of 1889. Conceived by the bridge engineer Gustave Eiffel (1832–1923), the 984-ft (300-m) tower of open-lattice wrought iron was a technological masterpiece. Making use of advanced knowledge of the behaviour of metal arch and truss forms under loading, the structure presaged a revolution in civil engineering and architectural design. The tower was the world's tallest building until the Chrysler Building in New York City was topped off in 1929.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Eiffel Tower, visit Britannica.com.
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