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City (pop., 2000: 427,135), capital of Durango state, north-central Mexico. It lies in a fertile valley of the Sierra Madre, about 6,200 ft (1,890 m) above sea level. North of the city is the Cerro del Mercado, a hill of nearly pure iron ore representing one of the world's largest deposits of that mineral. First settled in 1556, Durango was the political and ecclesiastical capital of Nueva Vizcaya, which included Durango and Chihuahua until 1823. The city, long known as a health resort, is an important commercial and mining centre.
Variants of DURANGO
Durango officially Victoria de Durango
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Durango, visit Britannica.com.