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City (pop., 2000: 32,135), capital of Delaware, U.S., on the St. Jones River. Laid out in 1717 as the site for a county courthouse and jail by order of William Penn and named for Dover, Eng., it became the capital in 1777. Its many colonial buildings include the Old State House (rebuilt 1787–92), which served as the capitol building until 1933; displayed there are King Charles II's original royal grant and Penn's deeds to Delaware (1682). The modern city is a farm trade centre and shipping point for fruits, and it has some light industries.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Dover, visit Britannica.com.