biographical name


Equestrian statue of Gattamelata, bronze sculpture by Donatello, 1447–53; in the Piazza del …—Anderson—Alinari/Art Resource, New York

(born c. 1386, Florence—died Dec. 13, 1466, Florence) Italian sculptor active in Florence. He learned stone carving from the sculptors of the Florence Cathedral (c. 1400), and in 1404 joined the workshop of Lorenzo Ghiberti. He drew his inspiration from Classical and medieval sources. With his marble statues of St. Mark (1411–13) and St. George (c. 1415) for the church of Or San Michele in Florence, he revolutionized the concept of sculpture; not since antiquity had the human body been rendered with such naturalism and emotional impact. He invented his own style of bas-relief with his marble panel St. George Killing the Dragon (c. 1417). His bronze sculpture David, conceived independently of any architectural setting, was the first large-scale, freestanding nude statue of the Renaissance. In Florence he worked for the Medici family (1433–43), producing sculptural decoration for the sacristy of San Lorenzo, the Medici family church, and in Padua (1450s) for the church of Sant'Antonio. He was the greatest European sculptor of the 15th century, influencing painters as well as sculptors, and was a founder of the Renaissance style.

Variants of DONATELLO

Donatello orig. Donato di Niccolò

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