Domagk, Gerhard

Domagk, Gerhard

biographical name

(born Oct. 30, 1895, Lagow, Brandenburg, Ger.—died April 24, 1964, Burgberg, near K√∂nigsfeld, W.Ger.) German bacteriologist and pathologist. While director of the Bayer Laboratory for Experimental Pathology and Bacteriology, Domagk noticed the antibacterial action of a dye, Prontosil red, against streptococcal infection in mice. Found to be an effective treatment in humans, Prontosil became the first sulfonamide drug. Awarded a Nobel Prize in 1939, Domagk was unable to accept it at the time because of Nazi policy. He also was active in research on tuberculosis and cancer.

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