biographical name

(born Jan. 19, 1200, Kyoto, Japan—died Sept. 22, 1253, Kyoto) Japanese Buddhist who introduced Soto Zen to Japan from China. Orphaned at age 7, he became a monk at 13. He studied in China under the Zen master Rujing (1223–27), and he also studied with Eisai. He returned to Japan and taught Zen meditation, spending his last years at Eihei Temple, which he founded.

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