debtor and creditor

debtor and creditor

Respectively, a person who owes a debt and a person to whom the debt is owed. Usually the debtor has received something from the creditor, in return for which the debtor has promised to make repayment at a later time. If the debtor fails to repay by the deadline, a formal collection process may commence. It is sometimes possible to attach the debtor's property, wages, or bank account as a means of forcing payment. Imprisonment of the debtor is a practice no longer followed. See also garnishment, lien.

This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
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