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City (pop., 2000: 327,162), capital of Morelos state, south-central Mexico. As the capital city of the Tlahuica Indians, it was known as Cuauhnáhuac. The name was changed (c. 1521) when it was taken by Hernán Cortés; his palace, now the Morelos State House (decorated with murals by painter Diego Rivera), is located there. Nearby are pre-Columbian ruins. A favourite retreat of the emperor Maximilian, the area is still popular with tourists. The University of Morelos was established there in 1953.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Cuernavaca, visit Britannica.com.