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(born Dec. 3, 1753, Firwood, Lancashire, Eng.died June 26, 1827, Bolton, Lancashire) British inventor. His spinning mule (probably called a mule because it was a cross between inventions of Richard Arkwright and James Hargreaves) permitted large-scale manufacture of high-quality thread and yarn by simultaneously drawing out and giving the final twisting to the cotton fibres fed into it, reproducing mechanically the actions of hand spinning.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Crompton, Samuel, visit Britannica.com.
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