Crane, Stephen biographical name
(born Nov. 1, 1871, Newark, N.J., U.S.died June 5, 1900, Badenweiler, Baden, Ger.) U.S. novelist and short-story writer. Crane briefly attended college before moving to New York City. His Maggie: A Girl of the Streets (1893), a sympathetic study of a slum girl's descent into prostitution, was a milestone of literary naturalism. He achieved international fame with his masterwork, The Red Badge of Courage (1895), depicting the psychological turmoil of a young Civil War soldier, and with his first book of poems, The Black Riders (1895). While traveling as a war correspondent, his ship sank and he almost drowned, resulting in his great story The Open Boat (1898). His story collections include The Little Regiment (1896), The Monster (1899), and Whilomville Stories (1900). He died at 28 of tuberculosis.
Stephen Crane, detail of a painting by C.K. Linson, 1896.—Courtesy of University of Virginia Library, Barrett Library of American Literature
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
For the full entry on Crane, Stephen, visit Britannica.com.
Seen & Heard
What made you look up Crane, Stephen? Please tell us what you were reading, watching or discussing that led you here.