Study of computers, their design (see computer architecture), and their uses for computation, data processing, and systems control, including design and development of computer hardware and software, and programming. The field encompasses theory, mathematical activities such as design and analysis of algorithms, performance studies of systems and their components, and estimation of reliability and availability of systems by probabilistic techniques. Because computer systems are often too large and complicated for failure or success of a design to be predicted without testing, experimentation is built into the development cycle.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
For the full entry on computer science, visit Britannica.com.
Seen & Heard
What made you look up computer science? Please tell us what you were reading, watching or discussing that led you here.