View your list of saved words. (You can log in using Facebook.)
Extraction of coal deposits from the Earth's surface and from underground. Because coal was the basic energy source that fueled the Industrial Revolution, the resulting industrial growth supported the large-scale exploitation of coal deposits. In the late 20th century, open pit mines replaced underground mines as the principal source of coal in the industrial nations. The mining of coal from surface and underground deposits today is a highly productive, mechanized operation.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on coal mining, visit Britannica.com.
Seen & Heard
What made you look up coal mining? Please tell us what you were reading, watching or discussing that led you here.