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In the arts, the principles, historical tradition, aesthetic attitudes, or style of the art of ancient Greece and Rome. The term may refer either to work produced in antiquity or to later works inspired by those of antiquity; the term Neoclassicism usually refers to art produced later but inspired by antiquity. More broadly, Classicism refers to the adherence to virtues regarded as characteristic of Classicism or as universally and enduringly valid, including formal elegance and correctness, simplicity, dignity, restraint, order, and proportion. Classicism is often opposed to Romanticism. Periods of Classicism in literature, music, and the visual arts have generally coincided.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Classicism, visit Britannica.com.
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