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Japanese han (domain) that, along with the han of Satsuma, supported the overthrow of the Tokugawa shogunate (seeTokugawa period) and the creation of a new government headed by the emperor. With their superior familiarity with Western weapons, the Satsuma-Choshu alliance was able to defeat the shogunal forces, bringing the emperor to power in the Meiji Restoration of 1868.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Choshu, visit Britannica.com.
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